Key Stage 2

Children in Key Stage 2 (years 3, 4, 5 & 6) are taught using the National  Curriculum 2008.

 The New Curriculum (2008) emphasises that the focus needs to be learner-centred. The school welcomes this approach. The school delivers the National Curriculum through a variety of teaching methods that takes into account pupils’ different learning styles.

Strategies used are often based on a problem solving approach that can involve the whole class, a group or an individual. Work is differentiated to meet the needs of all children with a clear understanding that all pupils are treated the same. Inclusion is paramount. There is particular importance placed on the basic skills of numeracy and literacy.

Provision is made for pupils who require extra support with their learning, including ‘gifted’ pupils, in keeping with national guidelines and the professional judgement of teachers.

 Work set for the children will be differentiated either by task or outcome. To foster positive attitudes in our pupils it is vital that all pupils are challenged and the less able child supported in their classroom work.

The grouping of pupils by ability is done by the class teacher through observations, the use of standardised tests and teacher assessments.

There are a number of key skills identified that underpin all curriculum areas including RE and PSE.


Key Skills

Thinking * Planning * Developing * Reflecting

Communication * Oracy * Reading * Writing * Wider Communication

ICT * Creating and Presenting * Finding and developing information and ideas

Number * Using Mathematical information * Calculating * Interpreting and Presenting Results

PSE Personal Social Education

Curriculum Cymreig



Curricular Subjects

These consist of two groups, the Core and Foundation subjects.

Detailed schemes of work are in place for each subject and they are continuously updated and revised to keep abreast of new initiatives and national changes.

The school has adopted the use of specific aspects of the QCA (Quality Curriculum Association) for its own curricular subjects.

With the New Curriculum (2008) there is a common structure of Skills and Range for all subjects.



The Core Subjects:

 English—Literacy work comprises three interlinked areas:

  1. Speaking and Listening. At the heart of all ‘good’ learning – speaking and listening skills are encouraged at all levels of school life. Every opportunity is given for the children to express themselves and so develop confidence in spoken language skills. Developing these skills also provide pupils with the ability to listen and appreciate the points of view of others.
  2. Reading. Reading is of paramount importance and is carefully taught and constantly monitored. Parents are encouraged to take an active part in this especially during the ‘early’ years.

The school regularly supports reading. Reading various forms of written and printed text extends pupils’ ability to appreciate different types of reading and textual genres. The school is supported with a isiting library van once per term.

  1. Writing. Pupils are taught to write for a variety of purposes from recording information to expressing themselves creatively through poetry and story writing. In achieving this, they are encouraged to develop both the traditional skills of joined-up cursive handwriting and those ICT skills needed using computers word processing programmes and software.

In developing points of view and opinions, pupils are encouraged to write ‘book reviews’ and investigate different forms of text through comprehension exercises.

A great deal of emphasis is placed on spelling and a multisensory spelling scheme operates throughout the school. The elements of correct grammar and punctuation are taught through specific lessons using examples from certain texts and applied through their individual written work.



The teaching of numeracy follows the ‘Pembrokeshire Numeracy Strategy’. Pupils develop and apply their knowledge and skills through a wide range of stimulating activities.

Numeracy games, practical problem solving activities and ‘real life’ situation maths helps develop, reinforce and consolidate the main strands of the mathematics curriculum.



The lessons are in the main of a practical nature, often involving work out of doors and trips and visits to places that provide examples and ‘hands-on’ experiences for the pupils. The key elements of the curriculum range are:

  • Independence and Interdependence (Life and living processes)
  • The Sustainable Earth (Materials and their properties)
  • How things work—Electricity, Forces, Sound, Light (Physical processes)


Problem solving, curiosity and the development of an enquiring mind are actively

encouraged with pupils planning out experimental work including selecting the resources that are needed to investigate topics.

In keeping with the cross-curricular approach to school work, planned science work is often integral to part of a larger unit of work set within one of the seasonal school themes.


Second Language Welsh

All children are taught Welsh as a second language in accordance with the National Curriculum for Welsh Second Language. The children have formal lesson where language patterns are taught using themes and topics that are relevant to the children. As in English there are three strands; Oracy, Reading and Writing, with a strong emphasis on Oracy – speaking and listening.

Incidental Welsh is regularly used in many of the everyday instructions and commands by the staff, this helps develop the children’s language skills and is an important way of promoting bilingualism.

There is also a strong emphasis on the ‘Curriculum Cymreig’ syllabus in the school where subjects such as Art, Geography and History are taught with a particular focus on Wales and the Welsh dimension and that Welsh culture and pride is fostered.

Membership of the Urdd club, helps inter-school collaboration and competition with more of a Welsh influence and is encouraged.

The school works with Pembroke school to ensure that there is continuity in the tuition of the Welsh language between primary school and secondary school.

All children at the school are expected to learn Welsh as part of the requirements of the National Curriculum, unless there is a specific exemption given from a statement of special educational needs for an individual child.


Foundation Subjects

 Religious Education

Moral growth and development is not confined simply to time-tabled religious Education. In Penrhyn CiW School this is a basic aim of the whole school experience, so that the total curriculum stimulates moral growth and development along with academic and social progress.

As a Church of Wales School, RE has an important part to play in the curriculum and is a fundamental part of the child’s education, not so much for its own sake but for the help it gives the child in forming the proper attitudes towards themselves, others and the world. To this end, RE is studied in accordance with the Agreed Syllabus introduced by Pembrokeshire County Council and revised in 2008.


The aims are:

To help promote pupil’s spiritual, moral, cultural and social development.

To develop pupil’s knowledge, understanding and awareness of Christianity, as the predominant religion in Wales and, as appropriate, the other principal religions represented in the country.

To encourage respect and empathy for the beliefs and practices of other people.


The parent of a pupil may request for that pupil to be wholly excused from Religious Education following consultation with the head teacher.



The school is well equipped with a variety of materials enabling the pupils to experience a wide-ranging art curriculum. This subject gives pupils the opportunity to express themselves, explore ideas with a creative freedom. Pupil’s are given opportunities to experiment with a variety of art forms such as drawing, painting, model making, printing, weaving, sewing and collage. Each child’s contribution is valued and work is displayed in the classrooms and the school hall.


Pupils also explore the work of well known artists and the art in other times and cultures.


Design and Technology

This subject often provides a framework for the inclusion of other subjects as a cross-curricular project. It provides the opportunity for pupils to explore and understand in a practical way many aspects of the science curriculum. Through disassembling everyday things, through discussion and evaluation of items and

products, they can learn about the way things are made and begin to make

judgemental decisions about them. This subject allows pupils to explore creatively and imaginatively through planning and designing but equally as important is the development of skills in the use of tools to model and make items using a variety of materials.



Within the framework of this subject, pupils are asked to develop a strong interest in their own surroundings besides developing an understanding of larger global issues. Relevant educational visits are planned for the pupils and, as for history, the local area is a rich natural resource.

Children enjoy field trips to investigate different geographical features and habitats. This enhances children’s awareness of conservation and the necessity for sustainable development.



Pupils are given the opportunity to develop an interest in the past and an appreciation of human achievements and aspirations. The National Curriculum outlines specific knowledge and skills to be studied within a range of topics but provides for the study of local history and links to the ‘Curriculum Cymreig’. Penrhyn CiW pupils are very fortunate to live in an area that is rich in historical sites. The Celtic hill fort site of Castell Henllys is a short journey to the north of the county and the local area is dotted with numerous castles and historic sites. Many activities involve role play and ‘dressing-up’.


 Information and Communication Technology

The skills required in this subject are considered essential tools for use in all curriculum areas as identified in the New curriculum (2008). This technology is ever advancing and we strive to keep abreast of developments and make provision for our pupils. The infant and junior pupils have access to many computers including laptops and each classroom is equipped with an interactive white board. The use and application of digital cameras, scanner and control technology provides the pupils with further related technological equipment for ICT across the curriculum. Pupils are introduced to a comprehensive range of programmes which all children use regularly, both individually and in groups.



Music plays an important part in the school. Pupils are given the opportunity to sing and listen to music, play the recorder and use percussion instruments to compose simple pieces. Our pupils learn to appreciate listening to music and grasp an understanding of musical elements through the study of different types of music worldwide and by the work of some of the great composers.

The pupils share their musical talents regularly at end of term functions such as plays or concerts at Christmas, besides making musical contributions during school assemblies and visits to church for seasonal celebrations and worship.

Specialist music peripatetic teachers visit the school to deliver instrumental lessons, there is a charge for this.


Physical Education

The school fosters the importance of exercise for healthy living. The classes undertake weekly lessons that meet the requirements of the PE Curriculum. During their time at the school the children will also take part in swimming lessons at the pool in Pembroke.  Transport is provided by the school. As swimming, PE and games are compulsory areas of the curriculum; a pupil will only be excused on medical grounds. A note from parents is required before a pupil may be excused from these sessions. It is worth noting that all the extra-curricular visits satisfy elements of the PE curriculum as they are mostly planned around exploring different environmental areas. The school considers the ‘outdoor environment’ as being a rich resource for pupils to explore and investigate that just so happens to also help support health and exercise requirements.

Children in year 5 and Year 6 will be given the opportunity to take part in adventurous outdoor activities such as surfing, canoeing and climbing, these may either be as a day trip or as part of a residential activity.


Health and Sex Education

As a ‘Health Promoting School’ these areas are being constantly revised and addressed through the ‘personal and social’ policies of the school. The school also strives to have the main elements of this embedded within the ‘life’ of the school but curriculum coverage of specific aspects can be found the science and PSE (personal and social and education) curriculum programmes of study. There is a close link with the school nurse who is based in Pembroke and helps support, through visits to the school, various health and hygiene related topics related to the curriculum besides any problems that may arise from time to time. Any issues arising are dealt with according to the age of the children. The school nurse is also available to provide professional guidance to the year 6 pupils each Summer term when issues related to ‘growing up’ are addressed. Parental consent is always requested.


Personal & Social Education

The school follows the LEA Health Promoting Schools’ initiative and Health Education is an integral part of the school day.


Our policy aims:

To create a healthy environment.

To provide a positive social environment.

To provide opportunities for exercise and leisure.

To provide a safe environment where the children feel relaxed and happy.


There are five elements to the child’s development within the realms of Health Education:

Physical, Psychological, Social, Environmental and Safety – Looking after themselves & avoiding dangers.

The school endeavours to enable pupils to achieve their Physical, Psychological and Social potential by providing a variety of strategies to help them think about and decide the best course of action both in and out of the classroom. These include the use of ‘Circle Time’ sessions, School Assemblies and discussions involving the School Council. The school seeks every opportunity of raising pupil self-esteem and to promote positive attitudes towards healthy issues and provide pupils with a sense of responsibility.


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